Australian Government, 2009‑10 Budget
Budget

Part 2: Expense Measures

Foreign Affairs and Trade

APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC) — hosting an ABAC meeting in 2010 and secretariat support

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 0.3 - - -

The Government will allocate $1.8 million over four years to provide ongoing secretariat support to the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Business Advisory Council (ABAC) and for the Council to host a meeting in Melbourne in February 2010. The meeting will provide an opportunity for businesses and governments to meet to contribute to APEC initiatives.

ABAC, which was established in 1995, is a private sector arm of the APEC forum used to advise APEC economic leaders and officials on issues of interest to business. The Government is committed to APEC as a pre‑eminent regional forum and support for Australian involvement in ABAC will ensure the needs of the Australian business community are reflected at APEC meetings.

The cost for the Secretariat is being fully met from within the resources of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research — redirect funding

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research - -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4

The Government will not proceed with new agricultural research for development projects in Thailand from 2009‑10 worth $1.6 million over four years. The funding will be redirected to other priority activities within Australia's overseas development assistance program.

Australian Consulate‑General in Nauru — continued funding

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - - - - -
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - - - - -

The Government will provide $8.8 million over four years to continue the operations of the Australian Consulate‑General in Nauru on an ongoing basis.

Ongoing funding of a diplomatic post in Nauru will assist in the continued strong management of Australia's bilateral relationship, including a proposed Pacific Partnership for Development in line with the Government's Pacific policy agenda as set out in the Prime Minister's Port Moresby Declaration on 6 March 2008.

The measure includes funding for staff resources, rental of office space, and costs for essential upgrades to equipment.

Provision for this funding has already been included in the forward estimates.

Australian Trade Commission — Clean Energy Trade and Investment Strategy

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Australian Trade Commission - 4.2 5.0 5.0 -
Australian Trade Commission - 0.7 - - -

The Government will provide $14.9 million over three years (including $0.7 million in capital funding in 2009‑10) to facilitate export opportunities for Australian clean energy firms and inward investment to expand Australia's clean energy capability. This will include the appointment of Australian Trade Commission clean energy advisers in Australia and overseas.

This measure forms part of the Government's election commitment to deliver a Clean Energy Export Strategy to encourage the development of a strong and vibrant Australian clean energy industry.

Australian Trade Commission — Export Market Development Grants scheme — additional funding

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Australian Trade Commission 50.0 - - - -

The Government provided an additional $50.0 million in 2008‑09 for the Export Market Development Grants scheme. The scheme provides small and medium‑sized Australian businesses with taxable grants to reimburse a proportion of eligible export promotion costs.

Australian Trade Commission — reduction in promotional activities

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Australian Trade Commission - -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3

The Government will reduce expenditure on promotional activities that raise community awareness of Austrade's Getting into Export Program. The program itself will continue and information about the program will still be available for interested businesses at Austrade offices, TradeStart offices and on the Austrade website.

This measure will provide savings of $1.2 million over four years.

Border protection — additional resourcing to combat people smuggling — international engagement to prevent and disrupt maritime people smuggling

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 4.1 4.6 - -
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 1.1 - - -

The Government will provide $9.7 million (including $1.1 million in capital funding for fit out costs) over two years to enhance the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's contribution to combat people smuggling. This measure will support increased engagement with key regional countries on people smuggling and provide support for the development of sub‑regional consultations under the auspices of the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime (Bali Process).

This measure will re‑establish a full‑time Ambassador for People Smuggling Issues, establish a support unit to the Ambassador, and establish new positions in Jakarta, Colombo, Islamabad and Kuala Lumpur to engage host governments on people smuggling. It will also fund annual Bali Process meetings at both ministerial and senior officials level.

This measure forms part of the Australian Government's layered response to the resurgent maritime people smuggling threat. The focus is on preventive overseas interventions through strengthened operational, diplomatic and regional capacity‑building efforts — balanced by appropriate on‑water and aerial surveillance responses.

Border protection — combating people smuggling — enhanced intelligence capability

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Australian Secret Intelligence Service - 11.9 9.5 2.8 3.2
Australian Secret Intelligence Service - 3.2 - - -

The Government will provide $30.5 million over four years to enhance the intelligence‑related capabilities of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service. This measure is part of the Australian Government's layered response to the resurgent maritime people smuggling threat.

Counter‑proliferation intelligence enhancement

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Australian Secret Intelligence Service - - - - -
Australian Security Intelligence Organisation - - - - -
Total - - - - -

The Government will provide $32.3 million over four years to maintain Australia's counter‑proliferation intelligence efforts through ongoing intelligence collection, analysis and coordination.

Provision for this funding has already been included in the forward estimates.

Enhanced diplomacy — advancing national security and protecting Australians abroad — resourcing

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 18.8 22.1 29.2 35.1
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3

The Government will provide an additional $106.5 million over four years (including $1.3 million in capital funding for office fit‑outs and updated IT systems) to implement the Government's national security agenda. The funding will be used to enhance Australia's security and protect Australians abroad by providing additional staff and resources at a number of overseas posts and in Canberra.

The Government will also not proceed with a range of saving initiatives, including the measure Responsible Economic Management — Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade — budget sustainability announced in the 2008‑09 Budget. This will further increase the base funding for the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade by $51.8 million over four years.

The funding will be allocated according to the Government's foreign and trade policy priorities, including enhancing engagement with Asia, increasing Australia's involvement with multilateral organisations and servicing increased trade opportunities for Australian businesses.

Enhanced Pacific engagement

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 1.9 1.9 - -

The Government will provide $3.8 million over two years to continue to develop enhanced relations with Pacific island countries, consistent with the Prime Minister's Port Moresby Declaration on 6 March 2008. The measure will provide for negotiation of further Pacific Partnerships for Development, and the development of a roadmap for negotiations for a trade and economic agreement (PACER Plus) between Australia, New Zealand and Pacific island countries.

The Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER) is an economic treaty that focuses on regional integration objectives, trade facilitation and non‑compulsory technical assistance. It also creates the framework for the gradual introduction of a regional free trade agreement encompassing Australia, New Zealand and Pacific island countries (PACER Plus).

The measure builds on the measure Pacific Engagement Strategy announced in the Mid‑Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2008‑09.

Enhancing Australia's Regional Engagement

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 13.3 23.7 25.1 30.0
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 6.5 7.4 - -

The Government will provide $106.0 million over four years (including $13.8 million in capital funding for fit‑outs and equipment) to enhance Australia's diplomatic engagement with India, Pakistan, Africa and Latin America. The measure will provide for new resources to better manage Australia's relationships with countries in these regions. Funding will also be provided for a feasibility study on options for the future of the Australian Embassy in Islamabad.

Enhancing regional counter‑terrorism effectiveness

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Australian Secret Intelligence Service - - - - -

The Government will provide $43.7 million over four years to continue to enhance counter‑terrorism capabilities in our region.

Provision for this funding has already been included in the forward estimates.

Hosting the 35th Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - .. .. 1.4 -
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - - - .. -

The Government will provide $1.4 million over three years (including $0.02 million in capital funding) to host the 35th Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting in 2012. The funding will cover the costs of preparing and hosting the two‑week meeting, including staffing, venue hire, translation and simultaneous interpretation, and official functions.

Hosting this meeting will reinforce Australia's support for deepening cooperation in Antarctic affairs and highlight our commitment to scientific research and environmental protection in Antarctica.

International Commission on Nuclear Non‑proliferation and Disarmament — operational costs

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 7.7 1.6 - -

The Government will provide $9.2 million over two years to continue the work of the International Commission on Nuclear Non‑proliferation and Disarmament. The establishment of the Commission was announced by the Prime Minister on 9 June 2008. It is expected to complete its work in 2010. The funding will cover the Commission's costs including the development and production of the final Commission report.

This builds on the measure International Commission on Nuclear Non‑proliferation and Disarmament — Establishment announced in the Mid‑Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2008‑09.

International Counter‑Terrorism Capability and Programs

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - - - - -

The Government will provide $28.1 million over three years, beginning in 2010‑11, to continue coordination of whole‑of‑government international counter‑terrorism engagement, facilitate continuity in the delivery of counter‑terrorism programs to specific countries, and further Australia's counter‑terrorism objectives in multilateral forums such as the United Nations and APEC.

Provision for this funding has already been included in the forward estimates.

Kabul — new chancery construction project feasibility and planning

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 3.0 - - -

The Government will provide $3.0 million in 2009‑10 to undertake a feasibility and planning study into the construction of a purpose‑built Australian chancery in Kabul, Afghanistan. This measure builds on the measure Afghanistan — Australian diplomatic presence — continuation and expansion announced in the 200809 Budget and the measure Afghanistan — purchase of land for new chancery in Kabul announced in the February 2009 Updated Economic and Fiscal Outlook.

Overseas development assistance — Afghanistan and Pakistan Increased Assistance

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
AusAID - 3.0 7.0 31.0 39.0

The Government will provide $352.8 million over four years to continue and expand assistance to Afghanistan and Pakistan. Funding of $272.8 million has already been included in the forward estimates.

This measure will provide funding to: maintain and increase humanitarian and development assistance to Afghanistan; support initiatives in Pakistan aimed at counter‑radicalisation through improved education and employment opportunities; and improve food security, rural development and national and provincial governance in Pakistan.

This measure is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Overseas development assistance — Debt to Health Swap with Government of Indonesia

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - - - - -

The Government will enter into negotiations with the Government of Indonesia to forgive $75.0 million in debt owed by Indonesia to Australia. It is proposed that the debt will be cancelled over six years from 2011‑12 on the condition that the Government of Indonesia invests $37.5 million in the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria over the same period. Indonesian contributions are expected to support programs to prevent, treat and contain tuberculosis, which is one of the country's leading health burdens.

The cost of this measure will be met from within the existing resourcing of the portfolio.

This measure delivers on the Government's commitment, and is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Overseas development assistance — Economic Infrastructure

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
AusAID - 11.9 22.3 166.2 253.2
AusAID - - 0.6 - -

The Government will provide $454.2 million over four years (including $0.6 million in capital funding in 2010‑11) to help developing countries recover from the global recession and reduce poverty through improved infrastructure, primarily in partner countries' transport, electricity and telecommunications sectors. This measure will fund high‑priority basic infrastructure in both rural and urban areas, focusing on Vietnam, the Philippines, East Timor, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Cambodia and the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

The measure will also fund multilateral institutions to establish the necessary policies and institutional capacity for partner countries to operate and maintain infrastructure effectively.

This measure is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Overseas development assistance — food security through rural development

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
AusAID - 27.1 38.1 122.3 206.8
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research - 11.0 15.0 21.0 22.0
Total - 38.1 53.1 143.3 228.8
AusAID - 0.6 0.4 - -

The Government will provide $464.3 million over four years (including $1.0 million in capital funding over two years from 2009‑10) to support increases in global food production and strengthen the ability of selected countries in the Asia‑Pacific region and Africa to address food and financial insecurity. This measure will help to: increase agricultural productivity and sustainability; improve rural livelihoods and market functionality (including through improving regulation, reducing barriers to trade and supporting the construction of community assets); enhance financial services and facilitate export market opportunities; and build community resilience to respond to natural and economic shocks, including through improving the targeting and quality of services and the monitoring and evaluation of social protection initiatives.

This measure is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Overseas development assistance — improving responsiveness and accountability in government

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
AusAID - 4.6 5.9 59.9 68.1

The Government will provide $138.6 million over four years to continue and expand measures designed to increase the responsiveness and accountability of governments in our region. This new funding will help improve the effectiveness of government in selected partner developing countries in the Asia‑Pacific region, including by: increasing leadership capacity; funding anti‑corruption activities; enhancing the engagement of civil society with decision‑makers and government; and improving the capacity of the public sector in Pacific Island Forum countries and East Timor.

This measure is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Overseas development assistance — Nauru

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
AusAID - nfp nfp nfp nfp

The Government will provide development assistance to the Republic of Nauru over four years from 2009‑10. Arrangements, including the amount of funding, will be finalised during upcoming Pacific Partnership for Development negotiations between the two countries. This will replace the existing annual Memoranda of Understanding.

Pacific Partnerships for Development are based on the Prime Minister's Port Moresby Declaration of 6 March 2008, and seek to improve governance, increase investment in economic infrastructure and achieve better outcomes in health and education through shared responsibility between Australia and partner countries.

This measure is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Overseas development assistance — performance‑linked aid

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
AusAID - 7.0 25.8 146.7 156.0
AusAID - - - 0.6 -

The Government will provide $336.1 million over four years (including $0.6 million in capital funding in 2011‑12) to continue performance‑linked aid measures. This measure will fund the inclusion of incentive‑based elements in bilateral Pacific Partnerships for Development negotiated between the Government and partner governments in Pacific island countries, and fund further support for some existing performance‑based aid arrangements in Asia and elsewhere. Additional development assistance will be released to partner countries once mutually agreed performance milestones are achieved.

This measure is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Overseas development assistance — Prime Minister's Pacific Australia Awards

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
AusAID - 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

The Government will provide $3.0 million over four years to enhance the existing Australian Leadership Awards program targeted at high‑achieving students in the Pacific region, including Papua New Guinea and East Timor. This measure will deliver 30 additional work placements per year for four years for postgraduate students, beginning in the 2010 academic year. The scholarships will assist with nation building, strengthening institutional capacity and leadership in partner developing countries, and building linkages between Australia and these countries.

This measure is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Overseas development assistance — Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands — continuation

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Defence - 29.3 - - -
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.7
Australian Customs Service - 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.1
AusAID - -0.5 -1.8 -7.9 -19.5
Australian Federal Police - -0.9 -7.0 -14.4 -24.6
Total - 32.3 -4.5 -17.6 -40.3
Australian Taxation Office - -6.3 -10.0 -8.1 -7.2
Australian Federal Police - 4.4 - - -
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 0.2 0.1 .. ..
Total - 4.6 0.1 0.0 0.0

The Government will provide $777.3 million over four years (including $4.8 million in capital funding) to continue the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI). The measure was announced in the 2005‑06 Budget with $771.0 million already included in the forward estimates.

The extra funding provided above the forward estimates over the four years represents the combination of: the net additional cost of extending Operation ANODE in 2009‑10 (Australia's military contribution to Solomon Islands); additional funding for an enhanced public diplomacy strategy and further assistance to customs and excise activities; and a gradual phase‑down of RAMSI's work as the capacity of the Solomon Islands Government improves. The measure is also expected to lead to a reduction in revenue of $31.6 million over four years reflecting concessional tax treatment of certain deployee base pay and allowances.

The capital funding includes $4.4 million in 2009‑10 for the Australian Federal Police to supply housing and diesel generators to personnel deployed in Solomon Islands and local police, and $0.4 million over four years from 2009‑10 for the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, for the fit out and refurbishment of accommodation, telecommunications equipment and motor vehicles to support seven overseas positions.

This measure will assist the Solomon Islands Government to: build capacity to deliver sustainable economic growth and balanced budgets; strengthen the public service by providing advisory support and implementing a public sector improvement program; improve capacity in the law and justice sector by continuing the deployment of Australian Defence Force and Australian Federal Police personnel; and enhance advocacy, public diplomacy and anti‑corruption activities.

This measure is part of the Government's commitment to increase Australia's overseas development assistance over the long term.

Pandemic influenza preparedness — maintaining the delivery of Australian Government services overseas

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 0.4 .. - -

The Government will provide $0.4 million over two years to replace ageing stocks of anti‑viral medication and antibiotics for use by staff at high‑risk overseas posts in the event of a pandemic outbreak of influenza, including avian or swine influenza.

The original stocks were purchased through the measure Avian Influenza — maintaining the delivery of Australian Government services overseas announced in the 2006‑07 Budget.

Protecting Australian diplomatic and consular posts overseas — security enhancements

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 6.5 8.5 9.3 11.2
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 12.6 3.4 1.2 1.5

The Government will provide $54.2 million over four years (including $18.7 million in capital funding for security works and fit‑out costs) to enhance security at Australian diplomatic and consular posts overseas. The measure aims to ensure adequate levels of protection are provided for personnel, visitors, property and information. This includes enhancement to both physical and information and communication technology security.

Regional chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear security

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - - - - -
Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency - - - - -
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation - - - - -
Total - - - - -

The Government will provide $2.7 million over four years to strengthen the security of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear‑related materials to decrease their vulnerability to wrongful acquisition or use by terrorists.

Provision for this funding has already been included in the forward estimates.

Thailand — repatriation of Australian citizens and permanent residents

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 0.1 - - - -

The Government has provided $0.1 million in 2008‑09 to enable the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade to facilitate the repatriation of Australian citizens and permanent residents from Thailand during the forced closure of Bangkok's airports in November and December 2008.

Trans‑Pacific Partnership Agreement negotiation — Australia's participation

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - - - - -
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - - - - -

The Government will provide $1.8 million over two years to progress negotiations on a Trans‑Pacific Partnership Agreement. The negotiations are focused on expanding the current Trans‑Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement between Brunei Darussalam, Chile, Singapore and New Zealand to include Australia, the United States, Peru and possibly Vietnam.

The cost of this measure will be met from within the existing resourcing of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

Travellers' Emergency Loans and Consular Emergency Services Schemes

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

The Government will provide an additional $1.0 million over four years for the Travellers' Emergency Loans and Consular Emergency Services Schemes to meet increased demand for the schemes. The schemes assist Australian travellers who need temporary financial assistance, including for emergency repatriation and/or medical evacuation. The number of Australians travelling overseas has continued to increase with a concomitant increase in the demand for consular assistance.

United Nations Security Council — candidacy

Expense ($m)
2008‑09 2009‑10 2010‑11 2011‑12 2012‑13
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 4.8 5.7 - -
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - 0.6 - - -

The Government will provide $11.2 million over two years (including $0.6 million in capital funding in 2009‑10) to continue Australia's bid for a two‑year term (2013‑14) on the United Nations Security Council. The candidacy demonstrates the Government's ongoing commitment to the United Nations. Membership of the Security Council would enhance Australia's ability to shape international responses to security issues.

The measure will support the campaign through funding additional staff at the New York mission and supplementing smaller missions on an as needs basis; deploying Special Envoys; supporting ministerial campaigning at key multilateral meetings; and undertaking public diplomacy.

This measure builds on the measure United Nations Security Council — Candidacy announced in the Mid‑Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2008‑09.

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