Australian Government, 2010‑11 Budget
Budget

Global programs

Humanitarian, emergency and refugee programs

Humanitarian, emergency and refugee programs in 2010‑11 $301.5 million

The Australian Government's humanitarian, emergency and refugee programs aim to protect lives, alleviate suffering, maintain human dignity, and assist recovery from conflict, and natural and other disasters through effective prevention, preparedness, response, and risk reduction. Continued and expanded engagement across Australian Government agencies and with humanitarian agencies such as WFP, UNOCHA, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the Australian Civilian Corps and Australian NGOs will strengthen Australia's capacity to contribute to international responses, support better coordination and efficiency in the international humanitarian system, and provide a foundation for development gains.

Table 11: Humanitarian, emergency and refugee programs in 2010‑11

Program
Estimate 2009‑10 ($m)
Focus

Humanitarian and Emergency Response 194.0

Emergency response and support for global, regional and country level humanitarian initiatives that save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain human dignity during, and in the aftermath, of human made crises and natural disasters, including humanitarian assistance and protection for refugees and internally displaced peoples.

International Committee of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (ICRC) 18.0

Core support for the ICRC, one of the largest and most respected humanitarian agencies and mandated in international law to protect and assist civilians affected by armed conflict.

UN humanitarian agencies: 89.5

of which

Australia will continue to support the work of UN humanitarian agencies.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) 7.0

Australia will provide core support for UNOCHA which plays a lead role in strengthening the UN's response to humanitarian crises through coordination, policy development and advocacy of the UN humanitarian reform agenda. Australia entered into a partnership agreement with UNOCHA in 2009 to provide $26 million in support over four years.

World Food Programme (WFP) 45.0

Food assistance is an important element of Australia's humanitarian program. Through a new Strategic Partnership Agreement with the WFP Australia will provide $180 million over four years to support WFP in their key role as the lead UN agency in humanitarian food assistance.

UN Central Emergency Response Fund (UNCERF) 14.0

Australia will support UNCERF which improves the speed and efficiency of humanitarian funding in the immediate aftermath of a crisis as well as providing funding for protracted and under-funded emergencies. This funding forms part of Australia's commitment to provide $60 million to UNCERF over four years.

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 16.0

Australia will continue to provide core support to the UNHCR as the mandated lead agency to assist refugees and internally displaced people.

UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA) 7.5

Australia will support UNRWA to deliver basic services to over 4.7 million registered Palestinian refugees across its five fields of operation (the West Bank, Gaza, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon) and to respond to humanitarian and emergency needs.

Australian Civilian Corps

Australia will support the rapid deployment of civilian specialists to countries affected by natural disaster or conflict. These civilian specialists will contribute to Australia's efforts to assist stabilisation and recovery in affected countries to start the recovery process earlier.

Multilateral engagement

Estimated 2010‑11 funding for multilateral replenishments $298.3 million

Estimated 2010‑11 funding for United Nations, Commonwealth and other international organisations $227.8 million

Australia's engagement with multilateral organisations extends the reach and scope of Australia's country and regional aid programs. The World Bank and Asian Development Bank continue to be central partners for Australia's aid program. The Banks' convening power often allows them to lead donor coordination at country and sectoral levels. Drawing on their technical expertise they undertake innovative analytical work and engage with developing country governments on important and sensitive policy issues. The Banks are essential partners for implementing the Cairns Compact on Strengthening Development Coordination in the Pacific. In addition, their response to the global economic crisis — through timely analysis, fiscal support and coordination — continues to shape an effective international response that helps developing countries minimise the impact of the crisis.

In 2010‑11, Australia will be an active member of the Multilateral Organisations Performance Assessment Network (MOPAN). Australia currently works with 15 other members to support the objectives of a harmonised approach to assessing the effectiveness of multilateral organisations. MOPAN conducts an annual assessment of a select group of multilateral organisations in several developing countries.

In 2010‑11, Australia will implement partnerships to advance the capacity of UN agencies to lead global efforts to achieve progress towards the MDGs. UN development and humanitarian agencies support Australia's aid program as they tackle global challenges of high priority to Australia, pool resources from many donors which brings advantages of scale as well as lower transaction costs for countries receiving aid and bring donors together to coordinate aid and maximise its impact.

Australia has signed partnership frameworks with seven UN development and humanitarian agencies: UNICEF; the United Nations Development Program (UNDP); UNOCHA; UNFPA; UNIFEM; the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS); and WHO. The frameworks provide multi-year and increased core funding to these agencies ($342.6 million total core funding) from 2008‑09 until 2011‑12. The frameworks reflect Australia's increased engagement with the UN and commit multilateral organisations to delivering Australia's priorities such as the MDGs and focus on the Asia and Pacific region. They also deepen Australia's level of influence over issues that concern the aid program.

Australia became a member of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) on 1 January 2010. The PBC is a unique forum for relevant peace building bodies to provide advice and support for countries emerging from conflict. The Commission works with post-conflict countries and highlights any gaps that exist in the response which might undermine peace building efforts.

Australia will provide $6 million over three years to support peace building initiatives in countries emerging from conflict. Australia's contribution will help support peace agreements and political dialogue, strengthen local conflict resolution systems, and encourage efforts to stimulate the economies of affected countries.

Table 12: Assistance through multilateral organisations in 2010‑11

Program
Estimate 2009‑10 ($m)
Focus

World Bank (through the International Development Association (IDA)) 157.3

In 2010‑11, Australia will negotiate the sixteenth replenishment of the IDA. Payments in 2010‑11 reflect Australia's commitments made under previous replenishments to IDA which is the arm of the World Bank that assists the world's poorest 79 countries. The replenishment will promote sustainable development by providing resources to low-income countries reduce poverty. It will allow Australia to leverage IDA resources to advance our international and development objectives and promote Australia as a responsible international citizen among IDA donors and recipients.

Asian Development Bank (through the Asian Development Fund) 70.3

Payments in 2010‑11 reflect Australia's commitments made under previous replenishments to the Asian Development Fund which is the concessional lending arm of the ADB.

Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) 22.6

The HIPC initiative provides multilateral debt relief to the world's poorest and most heavily indebted countries that have a demonstrated commitment to reform.

Global Environment Facility (GEF) 20.1

Australia will negotiate the fifth replenishment of the GEF. The GEF funds practical programs and shapes policy reform in developing countries to tackle climate change, biodiversity loss, ozone depletion, contamination by persistent organic pollutants and degradation of land and transboundary water systems.

Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (MPMF) 3.1

The MPMF assists developing countries to phase out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances, in line with their commitments under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

World Bank Clean Technology Fund 25.0

Payments made in 2010‑11 reflect Australia's pledge of $100 million over three years to the Clean Technology Fund, financing demonstration and deployment of low carbon technologies in high greenhouse gas emitting developing countries.

UN development agencies 91.7

Core funding to these areas supports UN efforts to progress the MDGs.

UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) 25.4

UNICEF's program will focus on five areas: young child survival and development; basic education and gender equality; HIV and children; child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse; and policy advocacy and partnerships for children's rights. Australia has entered into a partnership with UNICEF which prioritises funding for the MDGs in the Asia Pacific region.

World Health Organisation (WHO) 18.0

Expanded support for WHO's lead role on global health and advocacy with partner countries to improve the delivery of health services and the systems that underpin it. Australia signed a partnership framework with WHO in March 2009.

UN Population Fund (UNFPA) 11.5

Expanded support to progress the health and gender MDGs in key areas of reproductive health, maternal health, HIV, gender-based violence and gender equality. Australia signed a partnership framework with UNFPA in December 2009.

Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 8.5

Expanded support for UNAID's lead role in coordinating the global and regional response to HIV including scaling up universal access to prevention, treatment and care. Australia signed a partnership framework with UNAIDS in September 2009.

UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) 5.4

In August 2009 Australia signed a partnership framework with UNIFEM. The partnership framework will strengthen efforts to achieve gender equality and reduce violence towards women in the developing world.

UN Development Programme (UNDP) 17.9

Assistance will strengthen UNDP's central role in coordinating the UN development system and the UN's implementation of the MDGs. Australia has entered into a partnership framework with UNDP to prioritise funding for the MDGs in the Asia and Pacific region.

United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (UNPBC) 2.0

Australia will provide support for country specific peace building programs within the UN system.

Other UN development agencies 5.0

Support for development and associated activities by other United Nations agencies, including the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations Drug Control Program and the United Nations Environment Programme. Support for UN humanitarian agencies is outlined on page 57 under Humanitarian, Emergency and Refugee Programs.

Commonwealth organisations 13.7

Australia will continue to support the development related work of the Commonwealth, focusing primarily on the Commonwealth Fund for Technical Cooperation which provides small scale, short-term assistance in a range of sectors.

Global environment programs 44.8

Support for global environment programs including the International Tropical Timber Organisation, the Global Crop Diversity Trust, international climate change adaptation funds programs and international forest carbon programs.

Global education programs 25.7

Continued support for the World Bank hosted Education For All Fast Track Initiative global fund focussed on accelerating progress towards the goal of universal primary education.

New Initiative: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Australia will contribute to a capital increase of 45 per cent for the World Bank's main arm, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). This requires an estimated USD 51.6 million in ODA payments over a five year period from 2011‑12. These contributions will ensure the World Bank has sufficient funds to support developing countries as they recover from the effects of the global recession.

Non-Government organisations and community engagement

In support of the principles of 'A Stronger, Fairer Australia',44 the Australian Government's social inclusion strategy, AusAID will strengthen partnerships and work with a range of Australian organisations including volunteer, business, research and community organisations. Under the partnership with the Australian Council for International Development (ACFID) the Government will also support the development of an enhanced Code of Conduct for Australian NGOs. The enhanced Code will improve the quality of programs and increase public confidence in Australian NGOs.

The Government will increase funding for the AusAID-NGO Cooperation Program (ANCP) to support the development programs of over 40 accredited Australian NGOs to reduce poverty worldwide. In 2010‑11, funding under the program will increase to $69.0 million, a 25.0 per cent increase over 2009‑10 funding support. This will include support for partnerships with larger NGOs with significant Australian community support. It is expected that the ANCP will directly assist up to two million people living in poverty.

In 2010‑11, the ANCP Innovations Fund (established in 2009‑10) will continue to disseminate knowledge and understanding of good development practice and highlight innovative approaches for Australian aid organisations to reduce poverty. In 2009‑10, the ANCP Innovations Fund supported projects that promoted alternative approaches to address climate change in rural India and improved the health of women and children living along the Mozambique-Zimbabwe border.

Communicating the work of the Australian aid program is an important public accountability responsibility and is a means of increasing the Australian community's understanding of and involvement in the aid program. In 2010‑11, the Australian Government seeks to build on progress made by working with Australian non‑government and community organisations to raise awareness of and build support for Australia's efforts to reduce global poverty. Community engagement and development education programs will expand in 2010‑11 to further support community organisations, peak bodies and small business to engage effectively in international development.

The Government is developing a new volunteer program in 2010‑11.  The new program will make it easier for skilled Australians to become international development volunteers, contribute directly to challenges in developing countries and strengthen people to people links. The volunteer program will continue to provide opportunities for adult Australians (including young and indigenous Australians) and business professionals to contribute their expertise in fields such as health, disability support, education, environment and rural development.

Table 13: Community engagement programs in 2010‑11

Program
Estimate 2009‑10 ($m)
Focus

AusAID-NGO Cooperation Program (ANCP) 69.0

The ANCP will support more than 40 accredited Australian NGOs undertaking community-based development work. This includes a competitive scheme for innovation and good practice programs for Australian NGOs.

The Australian Government will also partner with large Australian NGOs with significant support from the Australian public, working together to progress developing countries' achievement of the MDGs.

Volunteer programs 42.0

Volunteer programs support the recruitment, placement and management of skilled Australian volunteers in developing countries. Working in partnership with international volunteer agencies, a new program will be implemented in 2010‑11 to support the placement of an estimated 1,200 volunteers.

Australian Council for International Development (ACFID0.8

Supports the partnership between AusAID and ACFID to increase Australia's impact in promoting effective community-based development to help achieve the MDGs. In 2010‑11, AusAID and ACFID will work together to maintain the accountability of the Australian international development NGO sector.

NGO policy and development effectiveness 1.0

Supports analysis and the development of policies that promote more effective NGO programs. In 2010‑11, a formal monitoring and evaluation framework for AusAID's NGO programs will be developed. 

Community engagement and development education 12.1

Supports the engagement with non-government and community organisations with the aid program through the Community Call to Action and tax deductibility applications under the Overseas Aid Gift Deductibility Scheme.

Improves awareness and understanding of overseas development-related issues in Australia, and provides organisations with opportunities for funding for related activities.

Development Research Program 10.2

Supports local and international research to improve development. In 2010‑11 additional investment in research capacity and communication will be provided, particularly in the Pacific. AusAID will work with other government agencies and international research donors to increase the reach of Australia's research program.

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