Australian Government, 2012‑13 Budget
Budget

Notes

Figures in tables and generally in the text have been rounded. Totals and percentages are calculated on unrounded totals. Any discrepancies between totals and sums of components in tables and generally in the text are due to rounding.

In this Statement, 'real' means adjusted for the effect of inflation. Real changes are calculated using the non-farm Gross Domestic Product deflator.

All amounts are in Australian dollars (AUD) unless otherwise indicated. All estimates are exclusive of recoverable Goods and Services Tax (GST).

One billion is equal to one thousand million.

The source of data is AusAID unless otherwise stated.

Table 1: Composition of Australian ODA

The column 'Budget Estimate 2011‑12' shows estimates provided in the 2011‑12 Budget at May 2011. The column 'Estimated Outcome 2011‑12' shows outcomes for 2011‑12 as estimated at May 2012.

a) 'AusAID Country Programs' are detailed in Table 5 on page 126, and include country and regional programs, as well as AIRPD grants and loans.

b) 'AusAID Global Programs' are detailed in Table 6 on page 140, and adjusted to include cash but exclude expenses associated with multi-year liabilities (such as to the ADF and IDA). See notes (h) and (i) to Table 6 for details and explanation of these adjustments.

c) 'AusAID Departmental' shows AusAID's Departmental expenses.

d) Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) financial statements are included in the Foreign Affairs and Trade Portfolio Budget Statement.

e) 'Other Government Departments' includes ODA-eligible expenditure by Australian Government and State and Territory Government agencies other than AusAID and ACIAR.

f) 'Adjustments' includes adjustments to reconcile expenses to ODA, which is reported on a cash basis. These adjustments include accrual adjustments to adjust expenses to cash, and adjustments to exclude non ODA-eligible departmental and administered expenditure. The adjustments exclude non ODA-eligible departmental expenditure such as receipts under Section 31 of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997, GST payments, and Fringe Benefits Tax. The adjustments also exclude non ODA-eligible administered expenditure such as miscellaneous receipts and GST payments.

g) ODA is reported on a cash basis.

h) Estimates are subject to confirmation of final GNI outcomes by the Australian Bureau of Statistics

i) Real change from previous year outcome' shows the real increase in total ODA from the outcome figure for the previous year to the figure for the reference year.

Table 2: Australian ODA by partner countries and regions

The column 'Budget Estimate 2011‑12 shows estimates provided in the 2011‑12 Budget at May 2011. The column 'Estimated Outcome 2011‑12 shows outcomes for 2011‑12 as estimated at May 2012.

a) 'Solomon Islands' includes ODA-eligible Australian Government expenditure under the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI).

b) In this table, 'Nauru' includes cash paid in each year in line with the Nauru Settlement Treaty, in addition to amounts through the AusAID Country Program for Nauru (identified in Table 5 on page 126).

c) The 2010‑11 and 2011‑12 ODA flows to 'Niue' includes ODA flows to 'Tokelau'.

d) For the purposes of this table, 'North Pacific' includes the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands.

e) 'Regional and Other Pacific' includes amounts attributable to the Pacific region (but not to a specific country) from the Pacific Regional program (see Table 5 for amounts and Section 2.1 for program details), AusAID global programs (see Table 6 for a breakdown), and other government departments.

f) 'Indonesia' expenditure includes AIPRD.

g) 'East Asia Regional' shows amounts attributable to the East Asia region (but not to a specific listed country) from the East Asia Regional program (see Table 5 for amounts and Section 2.2 for program details), AusAID global programs (see Table 6 for a breakdown), and other government departments.

h) 'South and West Asia Regional' shows amounts attributable to the South and West Asia region (but not a specific country) from the South and West Asia Regional program (see Table 5 for amounts and Section 2.3 for program details), AusAID global program (see Table 6 for a breakdown), and other government departments.

i) 'Core contributions to multilateral organisations and other ODA not attributed to particular countries or regions' includes payments to some UN and Commonwealth organisations, ODA-eligible departmental expenditure and ODA flows not attributable to the above countries and regions. The ODA-eligible components of cash payments to IDA, ADF, GEF, HIPC, MDRI and the MPMF are also included in this line item (see Section 3.2 for 2012‑13 funding levels).

j) 'Adjustments' — see notes to Table 1(f) above.

k) ODA is reported on a cash basis.

Part 2: Country and regional programs

1 AusAID has a separate country program for each major partner country, which is planned and implemented jointly with the partner government. Each country program is an integrated package of mutually agreed activities, developed and implemented under an agreed country strategy. In dollar terms it is often the largest AusAID program delivering benefits in a partner country.

2 AusAID's regional programs deliver Australian aid across a region (or regions) of interest to Australia. Activities are usually planned and delivered under a single regional program strategy, and usually benefit more than one country. Expenditure is allocated between beneficiary countries whenever identifiable.

3 AusAID's global programs deliver development benefits across the developing world. They include contributions to international organisations; emergency, humanitarian and refugee programs; contributions to NGOs and volunteer programs; development education and public information; and development research.

Maps

The depiction and use of boundaries, geographic names and related data shown on the maps and flags do not necessarily imply official endorsement or acceptance by the Australian Government. The regional maps were produced by AusAID using the Generic Mapping Tools (http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/gmt/) and Paint.NET. All of the country maps and flags, unless otherwise specified, are from:

The World Factbook 2011. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2011.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html

Key statistics

'Population' refers to the country's estimated 2010 population (both sexes combined), according to the United Nations Population Division. See http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12.

The source of population estimates is the online database corresponding to the World Population Ageing 1950-2050 Report (2002 revision) by the UN. http://www.un.org/0B34E39D-B31D-4AE6-9F51-7C77B5117768/FinalDownload/DownloadId-575565F97F39A171817551789B11C160/0B34E39D-B31D-4AE6-9F51-7C77B5117768/esa/population/publications/longrange2/WorldPop2300final.pdf

Population Growth (%): A population's growth rate is the increase (or decrease) in the number of persons in the population during a certain period of time, expressed as a percentage of the population at the beginning of the time period. The average annual growth rates for all ages as well as for particular age groups are calculated on the assumption that growth is continuous.

Estimated Population (2050): This projection is taken from the UN database, in turn based on assumptions about demographic indicators by country and projection constructed for successive five-year periods. The details on the methodology applied by the UN to conduct the projections can be consulted at: http://www.un.org/0B34E39D-B31D-4AE6-9F51-7C77B5117768/FinalDownload/DownloadId-575565F97F39A171817551789B11C160/0B34E39D-B31D-4AE6-9F51-7C77B5117768/esa/population/publications/longrange2/WorldPop2300final.pdf

GDP Per Capita (PPP): These estimates were sourced from the IMF online World Economic Outlook database, last updated in April 2012. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/index.aspx and the corresponding definition of the indicator is: "Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
These data form the basis for the country weights used to generate the World Economic Outlook country group composites for the domestic economy.  The IMF is not a primary source for purchasing power parity (PPP) data. WEO weights have been created from primary sources and are used solely for purposes of generating country group composites. For primary source information, please refer to one of the following sources: the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the World Bank, or the Penn World Tables. For further information see Box A2 in the April 2004 World Economic Outlook, Box 1.2 in the September 2003 World Economic Outlook for a discussion on the measurement of global growth and Box A.1 in the May 2000 World Economic Outlook for a summary of the revised PPP-based weights, and Annex IV of the May 1993 World Economic Outlook. See also Anne Marie Gulde and Marianne Schulze-Ghattas, Purchasing Power Parity Based Weights for the World Economic Outlook, in Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook (Washington: IMF, December 1993), pp. 106-23.

Poverty <$1.25/day

Population below $1.25 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.25 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions. Source: World Bank Development Indicators 2011.

Poverty <$2.00/day

Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions. Source: World Bank Development Indicators 2011.

Pacific

4 Note that this excludes expenditure by other Australian Government departments of aid flows appropriated via AusAID.

5 UNAIDS, Global Report: UNAIDS Report of the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010, 2010, viewed 5 March 2012, <http://www.unaids.org/documents/20101123_globalreport_em.pdf>, p. 58.

6 UNDP, Human Development Report 2011, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2011, viewed 2 March 2012, <http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/>, p. 129.

7 Solomon Islands National Statistics Office, 'Reproductive Health Factsheet', Solomon Islands Demographic and Health Survey 2006-2007, 2007, viewed 2 March 2012, <http://www.spc.int/prism/country/sb/stats/Publication/DHS07/factsheet/SOL-DHS_3-RH.pdf>, p. 2.

8 Demographic and Health Survey, Solomon Islands National Statistics Office 2007.

9 World Bank, 'Country Data: Solomon Islands', 2010, viewed 23 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/country/solomon-islands>; Solomon Islands Ministry of Development Planning and Aid Coordination, Solomon Islands Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy, 2007, viewed 2 March 2012, <http://siteresources.worldbank.org/088A6320-35EF-41D6-BA9B-A354527F0661/FinalDownload/DownloadId-0959F4BC2684A151B6BF027917E53C79/088A6320-35EF-41D6-BA9B-A354527F0661/INTPACIFICISLANDS/Resources/442114-1180930407961/ARDS_Full_Report.pdfhttp://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPACIFICISLANDS/Resources/442114-1180930407961/ARDS_Full_Report.pdf>, p. 8.

10 "Person work day" is the unit of measurement that is essentially a full day of paid work for one person. Because it is all in essence "casual" employment we report on person work days and not on full time equivalent jobs.  

11 Solomon Islands Ministry of Finance and Treasury, 2012, 'Debt Management', viewed 4 May 2012, <http://www.mof.gov.sb/GovernmentFinances/DebtManagement.aspx>.

12 International Finance Corporation, 'Doing Business: Measuring Business Regulations', 2011, viewed 2 March 2012, <http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings>.

13 Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2011, 2011, viewed 4 May 2012, <http://www.transparency.org/publications/publications/other/corruption_perceptions_index_2011
http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/>.

14 Based on data provided by the Solomon Islands National Judiciary to the Solomon Islands Ministry of Justice and Legal Affairs during November and December 2011 for preparation of annual performance data under the SIG-RAMSI Partnership Framework, and provided to AusAID (under the RAMSI banner) in December 2011.

15 Based on data provided by the Solomon Islands National Judiciary to the Solomon Islands Ministry of Justice and Legal Affairs during November and December 2011 for preparation of annual performance data under the SIG-RAMSI Partnership Framework, and provided to AusAID (under the RAMSI banner) in December 2011.

16 Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, 2011 Pacific Regional MDGs Tracking Report, 2011, viewed 29 February 2012, <http://www.forumsec.org/resources/uploads/attachments/documents/2011%20Pacific%20Regional%20MDGs%20Tracking%20Report_FINAL.pdf>, p. 10.

17 Vanuatu Prime Minister's Office, Millennium Development Goals 2010 Report for Vanuatu, 2010, viewed 29 February 2012, <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/country/vanuatu/pdf/overarching/vanuatu-mdg-report-2010.pdf>, p. 48.

18 UNICEF & Vanuatu Ministry of Health, Vanuatu Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2007, Port Vila, Vanuatu, 2008, viewed 29 February 2012, <http://www.childinfo.org/files/MICS3_Vanuatu_FinalReport_2007_Eng.pdf>, p. xviii.

19 Government of Vanuatu, Annual Development Report 2010, 2011, viewed 29 February 2012, <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/country/vanuatu/pdf/overarching/annual-development-report-2010.pdf>, p. 43.

20 Government of Vanuatu, Annual Development Report 2010, 2011, viewed 29 February 2012, <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/country/vanuatu/pdf/overarching/annual-development-report-2010.pdf>, p. 49.

21 World Bank & Government of Vanuatu, Vanuatu Early Grade Reading Assessment Baseline Survey, July 2011 draft for peer review, p. 9.

22 Government of Vanuatu, Annual Development Report 2010, 2011, viewed 29 February 2012, <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/country/vanuatu/pdf/overarching/annual-development-report-2010.pdf>, p. 54.

23 Asian Development Bank, Vanuatu: Country Partnership Strategy (2010-2014), 2009, viewed 14 March 2012, <http://www.adb.org/Documents/CPSs/VAN/2010-2014/VAN-Transport-Assessment.pdf>, p. 1.

24 Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2011, 2011, viewed 4 May 2012, <http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/>.

25 Samoan Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture, Education Statistical Digest 2010, 2010, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.mesc.gov.ws/pdf/Stats_Digest_10.pdf>, part 2, p. 4.

26 IMF, 'IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Fiji', Public Information Notice (PIN) No. 12/13, 2012, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pn/2012/pn1213.htm>.

27 World Bank, Republic of Fiji: Poverty trends, profiles and small area estimation (poverty maps) in Republic of Fiji (2003-2009), 2011, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://go.worldbank.org/T7KHFEREK0>, pp.11-12.

28 Note this is AusAID spending only. It does not include spending by other government departments.

29 Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, 2011 Pacific Regional MDGs Tracking Report, viewed 29 February 2012, <http://www.forumsec.org/resources/uploads/attachments/documents/2011%20Pacific%20Regional%20MDGs%20Tracking%20Report_FINAL.pdf>, p 28.

30 Fiji Ministry of Health, Non-Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control: National Strategic Plan 2010-2014, viewed 5 March 2012, < http://www.health.gov.fj/PDFs/ncd%20national.pdf>, pp. 9-10.

31 Fiji Ministry of Health, Non-Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Strategic Plan 2010-2014, viewed 14 March 2012, <http://www.health.gov.fj/PDFs/ncd%20moh.pdf>, p. 10.

32 Fiji Ministry of Finance, Revised Budget Estimates 2007, Suva, 2007; Fiji Ministry of Finance, Budget Estimates 2012, Suva, 2011.

33 World Bank, Republic of Fiji: Poverty trends, profiles and small area estimation (poverty maps) in Republic of Fiji (2003-2009), 2011, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://go.worldbank.org/T7KHFEREK0>, pp.53-4.

34 V Naidu, Draft Report Fiji Islands Country Profile on Excluded Groups, USP, Suva, 2009, viewed 5 March 2012, <http://www.unescap.org/ESID/hds/development_account/mtg/EGM_Bg_doc/Fiji%20Islands%20Country%20Profile%20on%20Excluded%20Groups2.pdf>, p. 9.

35 Tonga Ministry of Finance and National Planning, Social Protection Issues Paper, n.d., viewed 6 March 2012, <http://www.finance.gov.to/sites/default/files/Vulnerable_Issue_Paper_for_Tonga.pdf>, p. 5.

36 Asian Development Bank, Proposed Grant and Administration of Grant, Kingdom of Tonga: Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project, Draft Report and Recommendation of the President to the Board of Directors, 2011, viewed 6 March 2012, <http://www.adb.org/Documents/RRPs/TON/42394/42394-022-ton-rrp.pdf>, p. 11.

37 OECD, 'Glossary of Statistical Terms', viewed 1 March 2012, <http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=884>: 'An Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a concept adopted at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (1982), whereby a coastal State assumes jurisdiction over the exploration and exploitation of marine resources in its adjacent section of the continental shelf, taken to be a band extending 200 miles from the shore.'

38 Drawn from age-standardised mortality rates provided in WHO, World Health Statistics 2011, WHO, France, 2011, viewed 5 March 2012, <http://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/EN_WHS2011_Full.pdf>, pp. 66-7.

39 International Diabetes Foundation, 'IDF Diabetes Atlas: Fifth Edition — Diabetes prevalence (%) comparative, 2011', viewed 23 March 2012, <http://www.idf.org/atlasmap/atlasmap>.

40 Nauru Department of Education, Annual Report 2010‑11, n.d., p. 34.

41 Analysis of Nauru's 2011‑12 Budget Papers.

42 Australian Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO, Climate Change in the Pacific: Scientific Assessment and New Research Volume 1: Regional Overview, 2011, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.cawcr.gov.au/projects/PCCSP/publications.html>, p. 147.

43 United Nations University & Institute of Environment and Human Security, World Risk Report 2011, B®ndnis Entwicklung Hilft, Berlin, 2011, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.ehs.unu.edu/article/read/worldriskreport-2011>, p. 63.

East Asia

44 Centre for International Economics, Benefits of Trade and Trade Liberalisation, 2009, viewed 8 March 2012, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/publications/benefits_trade_liberalisation/cie_report.pdf>, p. 25. A figure of one in 10 is based on this source's finding that 'one in five workers are involved in trade-related activities', and that more than 50 per cent of Australia's trade is with East Asia.

45 World Bank, 'PovcalNet data', viewed 26 April 2012, <http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm?0>.

46 World Bank, World Development Indicators, Washington, D.C., 2011, viewed 7 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators>, pp. 63-4.

47 UNDP, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, UNICEF & Burma Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey in Myanmar (2009-2010): MDG Data Report, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.mm.undp.org/ihlca/03_MDG-Data/index.html>, p. 5.

48 The Indonesian maternal mortality ratio is 240 per 100,000 live births, compared with 8 per 100,000 in Australia — World Bank, 'Data — Maternal mortality ratio (modelled estimate, per 100,000 live births)', 2008, viewed 4 May 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.MMRT>; UNICEF, Tracking Progress on Child and Maternal Nutrition, New York, 2009, viewed 7 March 2012, <http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Tracking_Progress_on_Child_and_Maternal_Nutrition_EN_110309.pdf>, p. 10.

49 Statistics Indonesia, Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2011, viewed 1 March 2013, <http://www.bps.go.id/flip/flip11/movie.swf>.

50 Summary of the Roadmap to Accelerate Achievement of the MDGs in Indonesia, Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS), 2010.

51 Indonesia Ministry of National Education, 'Detailed information on Net Enrolment Rates (Angka Partisipasi Murni, APM)', viewed 8 March 2012, <http://www.psp.kemdiknas.go.id/?page=publikasi>.

52 Statistics Indonesia, Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2011, viewed 1 March 2013, <http://www.bps.go.id/flip/flip11/movie.swf>.

53 Indonesia Ministry of Religious Affairs, 'Field of Governance', 2010, viewed 8 March 2012, <http://www.kemenag.go.id/file/dokumen/KEMENAGDALAMANGKAupload.pdf>, pp. 68-70.

54 Indonesia Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS), Summary of the Roadmap to Accelerate Achievement of the MDGs in Indonesia, 2010, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.bappenas.go.id/get-file-server/node/11124/>, pp. 62-3.

55 Statistics Indonesia, Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2011, viewed 1 March 2013, <http://www.bps.go.id/flip/flip11/movie.swf>.

56 Based on data in Indonesia Ministry of Finance, 'Financial Notes to the 2012 Indonesian Budget (Nota Keuangan — Anggaran dan Pendapatan Belanja Negara, NK-APBN)', viewed 23 March 2012, <http://www.anggaran.depkeu.go.id>.

57 Vietnam Standing Office of the National Target Program for Water and Sanitation, Government Report on the Implementation of National Target Program on Rural Water Supply and Sanitation in 2010, 2010.

58 Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training, 'Education Statistics 2009‑10', 2011, viewed 9 March 2012, <http://www.moet.gov.vn/?page=11.10&view=3528>.

59 Vietnam Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control's (CCFSC), Annual Report 2009, 2009, viewed 9 March 2012, <http://www.ccfsc.gov.vn>.

60 Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), 'Annual Frequency of Tropical Cyclone in the PAR (1948-2004)', n.d., viewed 9 March 2012, <http://kidlat.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/statfram.htm>. From the statistics gathered by PAGASA, an average of approximately 20 cyclones enter the PAR ('Philippine Area of Responsibility') per year, of which about 9 make landfall.

61 Timor-Leste National Statistics Directorate, Timor-Leste Ministry of Finance & ICF Macro, Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey 2009‑10, ICF Macro, Dili, 2010, <http://dne.mof.gov.tl/published/TLDHS%202009‑10/Final%20Report%20TLDHS%202010.pdf>, pp. xxvii, 3.

62 UNESCO Institute of Statistics, 'Education Statistical Tables, Timor Leste National Adult 15+ Literacy Rate', 2010, viewed 26 April 2012, <http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/tableView.aspx>.

63 Estimates vary due to the difficulty of collecting accurate data where the reach of government is limited and reporting systems are weak. In 2010, the Government of East Timor's report on progress against the MDGs estimated the maternal mortality rate as 450 deaths per 100,000 births (Millennium Development Goals 2010: Where we are now! Where do we want to be in 2015?, p. 25). The upper estimate of 557 deaths per 100,000 for 2009‑10 is taken from Timor-Leste National Statistics Directorate, Timor-Leste Ministry of Finance & ICF Macro, Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey 2009‑10, ICF Macro, Dili, 2010, viewed 4 May 2012, <http://dne.mof.gov.tl/published/TLDHS%202009‑10/Final%20Report%20TLDHS%202010.pdf>, p. 112.

64 Timor-Leste National Statistics Directorate, Timor-Leste Ministry of Finance & ICF Macro, Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey 2009‑10, ICF Macro, Dili, 2010, viewed 4 May 2012, <http://dne.mof.gov.tl/published/TLDHS%202009‑10/Final%20Report%20TLDHS%202010.pdf>, pp. xxvii, 3.

65 Timor-Leste National Statistics Directorate, Highlights of the 2010 Census Main Results in Timor-Leste, n.d., viewed 13 March 2012, <http://dne.mof.gov.tl>, p. 2.

66 World Bank, 'Education in Timor-Leste', n.d., viewed 4 May 2012, <http://go.worldbank.org/WONHKNBD40>; Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, Timor-Leste Strategic Development Plan 2011-2030, n.d., viewed 13 March 2012, <http://www.tls.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Home_NATIONAL_STRATEGIC_DEVELOPMENT_PLAN_2011-2030.pdf>, pp. 19-20.

67 Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, Timor-Leste Strategic Development Plan 2011-2030, n.d., viewed 13 March 2012, <http://www.tls.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Home_NATIONAL_STRATEGIC_DEVELOPMENT_PLAN_2011-2030.pdf>, p. 20.

68 Timor-Leste National Statistics Directorate and Secretariat of State for Vocational Training and Employment, Timor-Leste Labour Force Survey 2010, viewed 13 March 2012, <http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---ilo-jakarta/documents/publication/wcms_152168.pdf>, p. 63.

69 Timor-Leste National Statistics Directorate, Highlights of the 2010 Census Main Results in Timor-Leste, n.d., viewed 15 March 2012, <http://dne.mof.gov.tl>, p. 2.

70 Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, State Budget 2012 — Budget Overview Book 1, n.d., viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.mof.gov.tl/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Book-1-English-final.pdf>, p.17.

71 World Bank, World Development Indicators, Washington, D.C., 2011, viewed 7 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators>, pp. 60; IFAD, Enabling the Rural Poor to Overcome Poverty in Cambodia, 2007, viewed 14 March 2012, <http://www.ifad.org/operations/projects/regions/pi/factsheets/kh.pdf>, p. 1.

72 Cambodia National Institute of Statistics, 2010 Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey Fact Sheet, 2011, viewed 14 March 2012, <http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/GF22/GF22.pdf>.

73 Asian Development Bank (ADB), Cambodia: Transport Sector Assessment, Strategy, and Road Map, Mandaluyong City, Philippines, 2011, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://beta.adb.org/sites/default/files/cam-transport-assessment.pdf>, p. 9.

74 National Institute of Statistics Cambodia, 'Cambodia General Population Census 2008', viewed 14 March 2012, <http://celade.cepal.org/khmnis/census/khm2008/>.

75 International Centre for Prison Studies, 'Cambodia country brief', 2011, viewed 14 March 2012, <http://www.prisonstudies.org/info/worldbrief/wpb_country.php?country=90>.

76 Cambodia Mine/UXO Victim Information System (CMVIS), Monthly Report for January 2012, 2012, viewed 14 March 2012, <http://www.cmaa.gov.kh/upload/cmvis_01_january_2012.pdf>, p. 2.

77 Electronic Mine Information Network, 'E-MINE Cambodia Summary', viewed 14 March 2012, <http://www.mineaction.org/country.asp?c=6>.

78 Cambodia Mine/UXO Victim Information System (CMVIS), 'CMVIS OLAP_CUBE December 2011', viewed 14 March 2012, <http://www.cmaa.gov.kh/e_library.php?catid=12>.

79 UNDP, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, UNICEF & Burma Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey in Myanmar (2009-2010): MDG Data Report, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.mm.undp.org/ihlca/03_MDG-Data/index.html> , p. 5.

80 Basic economic and social data is often unreliable or unavailable for Burma. The last complete census was conducted in 1983 and a number of United Nations and other reports are used to fill some of the gaps, including specific sectoral reports.

81 UNHCR, '2012 UNHCR country operations profile — Myanmar', viewed 29 March 2012, <http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e4877d6.html>.

82 Thailand-Burma Border Consortium (TBBC), Protracted Displacement & Chronic Poverty in Eastern Burma/Myanmar, 2010, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4cd272302.html>, p. 60.

83 OECD, Aid Orphans: A collective responsibility?, 2011, viewed on 1 March 2012, <http://www.oecd.org/officialdocuments/publicdisplaydocumentpdf/?cote=DCD/DAC(2011)18/REV1&docLanguage=En
http://www.oecd.org/officialdocuments/publicdisplaydocumentpdf/?cote=DCD/DAC(2011)18/REV1&docLanguage=En>, pp. 17, 27.

84 UNICEF, Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report 2010, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.childinfo.org/files/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf>.

85 WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank, Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2008, Geneva, 2010, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241500265_eng.pdf>.

86 R Behrens et al, 'The Incidence of malaria in travellers to South-East Asia: is local malaria transmission a useful risk indicator?', Malaria Journal 2010, 9:266, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.malariajournal.com/content/9/1/266>; World Health Organization, WHO Country Cooperation Strategy 2008—2011 — Myanmar, WHO, 2008, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.who.int/countryfocus/cooperation_strategy/ccs_mmr_en.pdf>, p. 4

87 WHO, Global Tuberculosis Control 2010, WHO Press, Geneva, 2010, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241564069_eng.pdf>, p. 5.

88 UNICEF, UNICEF Annual Report for Myanmar, 2010, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.unicef.org/about/annualreport/files/Myanmar_COAR_2010.pdf>, p. 1.

89 UNICEF CFS Study quoted in Multi-Donor Education Fund, Pre-Appraisal Report on the UNICEF Education Country Programme 2011-2015, 2010, p.12.

90 UNDP, Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey in Myanmar (2009-2010): Poverty Profile, 2011, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.mm.undp.org/ihlca/01_Poverty_Profile/index.html>, p. 38.

91 FAO & WFP, Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to Myanmar Special Report, 2009, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.wfp.org/content/myanmar-faowfp-crop-and-food-security-assessment-mission-january-2009>, p. 34; UNICEF, Country Profile: Myanmar — Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival, 2010, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.childinfo.org/files/maternal/DI%20Profile%20-%20Myanmar.pdf>.

92 UNICEF, 'Country Profile: Myanmar — Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival, viewed 1 March 2012, <http://www.childinfo.org/files/maternal/DI%20Profile%20-%20Myanmar.pdf>.

93 World Bank, World Development Indicators, Washington, D.C., 2011, viewed 7 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators>, p. 60.

94 World Bank, World Development Indicators, Washington, D.C., 2011, viewed 7 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators>, p. 89.

95 World Bank, East Asia and Pacific Economic Update 2011, Volume 1: Securing the Present, Shaping the Future, Washington DC, 2011, viewed 13 March 2012, <http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTEAPHALFYEARLYUPDATE/Resources/550192-1300567391916/EAP_Update_March2011_fullreport.pdf >, p. 77.

96 International Finance Corporation, 'Doing Business: Measuring Business Regulations', 2011, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings>.

97 WFP, Lao PDR: Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA), 2007, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.wfp.org/content/lao-pdr-comprehensive-food-security-and-vulnerability-analysis-2007>, p. 10.

98 National Regulatory Authority for UXO/Mine Action Sector in Lao PDR (UXO-NRA), 'Home', viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.nra.gov.la/index.html>.

99 World Bank, 'Data: Mongolia', 2012, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/country/mongolia>.

100 UNICEF, Mongolia: WASH in Schools & Kindergartens (UNICEF Design Document), 2012.

101 UNICEF, Mongolia: WASH in Schools & Kindergartens (UNICEF Design Document), 2012.

102 The Economist, 'Booming Mongolia: Mine, all mine', 2012, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.economist.com/node/21543113>.

103 WFP & FAO, FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.wfp.org/content/dpr-korea-faowfp-crop-and-food-security-assessment-november-2011>, p. 32.

104 G Gongal & A Wright, 'Human Rabies in the WHO Southeast Asia Region: Forward Steps for Elimination', 2011, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3178116/>.

105 G Gongal & A Wright, 'Human Rabies in the WHO Southeast Asia Region: Forward Steps for Elimination', 2011, viewed 15 March 2012, <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3178116/>.

106 Excludes aquaculture. K Hortle, 'Fisheries of the Mekong river basin', in I Campbell, ed., The Mekong: Biophysical Environment of a Transboundary River, Elsevier, New York, 2009.

South and West Asia

107 World Bank, 'Country Data on South Asia', viewed 30 March 2012, <http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/0,,pagePK:158889~piPK:146815~theSitePK:223547,00.html>.

108 World Bank, World Development Indicators, Washington, D.C., 2011, viewed 7 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators>, pp. 66.

109 UNDP, Human Development Report 2011, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2011, viewed 2 March 2012, <http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/>, p. 126.

110 World Bank, 'Afghanistan Data', 2008, viewed 6 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/country/afghanistan>; World Bank, 'Pakistan Data', 2006, viewed 6 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/country/pakistan>.

111 U Saikia, G Dasvarma & J Chalmers, 'Demography and Conflict: Case studies from Timor-Leste, Bougainville and Afghanistan', paper presented at conference on Transition, Stabilisation and Development in Asia and the Pacific, Flinders University, Adelaide, 28 September 2011.

112 DFAT, 'Bangladesh Factsheet', 2011, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/fs/bade.pdf>.

113 UNICEF, 'Maternal and Neonatal Health in Bangladesh', 2009, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.unicef.org/bangladesh/Maternal_and_Neonatal_Health.pdf>, p. 2.

114 UNDP, 'MDGs and Bangladesh', 2010, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.undp.org.bd/mdgs.php>.

115 Government of Nepal, National Planning Commission and UN Country Team of Nepal, Nepal Millennium Development Goals Progress Report 2010, Kathmandu, 2010, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://undp.org.np/pdf/MDG-Layout-Final.pdf>, p. 41.

116 Government of Nepal National Planning Commission and UN Country Team of Nepal, Nepal Millennium Development Goals Progress Report 2010, Kathmandu, 2010, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://undp.org.np/pdf/MDG-Layout-Final.pdf>, p. 21.

117 WHO, 'Afghanistan: health profile', 2009, viewed 6 March, 2012, <http://www.who.int/gho/countries/afg.pdf>.

118 CIA, 'World Fact Book: Afghanistan', viewed 6 March 2012, <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html>.

119 Joint Briefing Paper, High Stakes: Girls' Education in Afghanistan, 2011, viewed 6 March 2012, <http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/download?Id=366135&dl=http://oxfamilibrary.openrepository.com/oxfam/bitstream/10546/125287/1/bp-high-stakes-girls-education-afghanistan-240211-en.pdf>, p. 4.

120 UNICEF, 'Afghanistan Country Office — Education Factsheet', 2011, viewed 6 March 2012, <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/files/ACO_Education_Factsheet_-_November_2011_.pdf>.

121 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Finance, Development Cooperation Report 2010, viewed 6 March 2012, <http://mof.gov.af/Content/files/Development%20Cooperation%20Report%202010.pdf>, p. 34.

122 Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2011, viewed 4 May 2010, <http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/>.

123 World Bank, 'Maternal mortality ratio (modelled estimate, per 100,000 live births)', 2008, viewed 2 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.MMRT>; World Bank, 'Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)', 2007, viewed 16 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.BRTC.ZS>.

124 UNDP, Human Development Report 2011, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2011, viewed 2 March 2012, <http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/>, p. 160.

125 UNICEF, 'Pakistan — Statistics', viewed 2 March 2012, <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/pakistan_pakistan_statistics.html>.

126 UNICEF, 'Pakistan — Statistics', viewed 2 March 2012, <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/pakistan_pakistan_statistics.html>.

127 World Bank, Rural, 'Rural population (% of total population)', 2010, viewed 16 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL.ZS>.

128 World Bank, 'Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)', 2010, viewed 16 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.AGR.TOTL.ZS/countries>; World Bank 'Employment in agriculture (% of total employment', 2008, viewed 16 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.AGR.EMPL.ZS>.

Africa and the Middle East

129 UNDP, 'UNDP in Africa', viewed 4 May 2012, <http://web.undp.org/africa/>.

130 World Bank, 'Sub-Saharan Africa', viewed 4 May 2012, <http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/english/modules/social/pgr/datasubs.html>

131 World Bank, 'Middle East & North Africa (developing only)', viewed 16 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/country/MNA>.

132 Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), 'Internal Displacement in the Middle East', viewed 16 March 2012, <http://www.internal-displacement.org/8025708F004CE90B/(httpRegionPages)/F4C363E496AB88D1802570A6005599C7?OpenDocument>.

133 For AusAID budget purposes, this includes: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

134 UN-OHRLLS, 'Least Developed Countries: About LDCs', viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.unohrlls.org/en/ldc/25/>.

135 World Bank, 'Regional aggregation using 2005 PPP and $1.25/day poverty line', viewed 19 march 2012, <http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm?1>.

136 DFAT, Australia's Trade with Africa and the Middle East 2010, 2011, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/publications/stats-pubs/Trade-Africa-Middle-East.pdf>, p. 2.

137 DFAT, 'Australia and Africa: a new commitment', viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/africa/index.html>.

138 UNICEF & WHO, Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: 2012 Update, 2012, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.unicef.org/media/files/JMPreport2012.pdf>, pp. 4, 18.

139 IPCC, 'IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007', viewed 4 May 2012, <http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/spms3.html>.

140 U Rehnstrom (UNFPA), presentation to 'Charit® Berlin: World Health Summit', 23-26 October 2011, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.who.int/workforcealliance/knowledge/resources/whs2011_ghwaSessionReport.pdf>.

141 Ethiopia Ministry of Health, Health Sector Development Program IV 2010/11 — 2014/1:5 Final Draft, 2010, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://phe-ethiopia.org/admin/uploads/attachment-721-HSDP%20IV%20Final%20Draft%2011Octoberr%202010.pdf>, pp. 6, 103.

142 World Economic Forum, World Bank & African Development Bank, The Africa Competitiveness Report 2011, World Economic Forum, Geneva, 2011, viewed 27 March 2012, <http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GCR_Africa_Report_2011.pdf>, p. xiv.

143 UN, The Millennium Development Goals Report, 2011, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Resources/Static/Data/2011%20Stat%20Annex.pdf>, p. 5.

144 IPCC, Climate Change 20012: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, Cambridge University Press, 2001, p. 502.

145 Economic Commission for Africa & OECD, 'Mutual Review of Development Effectiveness in Africa', viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.oecd.org/document/33/0,3746,en_39862406_39906520_49354849_1_1_1_1,00.html>.

146 FAO, 'Countries: Zimbabwe', 2011, viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.fao.org/countries/55528/en/zwe/>.

147 Transparency International Corruption Perception Index 2011, viewed 4 May 2012, <http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011> .

148 AfDB, African Development Outlook 2011, 2011.

149 CARE, '"The Worst Crisis in the World Today": Lives Hang in the Balance', viewed 19 March 2011, <http://www.care.org/emergency/horn-of-africa-food-poverty-crisis-dadaab-2011/index.asp>.

150 UNICEF, 'UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Youssou N'Dour calls for undivided focus on plight of children affected by crisis in Horn of Africa', viewed 19 March 2012, <http://www.unicef.org/southafrica/media_9480.html>.

151 World Bank, 'Data — Tunisia', 2005, <http://data.worldbank.org/country/tunisia>; UNDP, Arab Human Development Report 2009, UNDP, New York, 2009, viewed 16 March 2012, <http://www.arab-hdr.org/publications/other/ahdr/ahdr2009e.pdf>, p. 114.

152 UNDP, Arab Human Development Report 2009, UNDP, New York, 2009, viewed 16 March 2012, <http://www.arab-hdr.org/publications/other/ahdr/ahdr2009e.pdf>, p. 114.

153 B Wright & C Cafiero, 'Grain Reserves and Food Security in MENA Countries', n.d., viewed 16 March 2012, <http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DEC/Resources/84797-1288208580656/7508096-1288208619603/Wright_Grain_Reserves_and_Food_Security_in_MENA_Countries_PAPER.pdf>, p. 1

154 World Bank, 'Data — Latin America & Caribbean', 2008, viewed 7 March 2012, <http://data.worldbank.org/region/LAC>.

Latin America and the Caribbean

155 AusAID defines Latin America as the following countries to which Australia provides aid: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela.

156 AusAID defines the Caribbean as the following countries to which Australia provides aid: Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and Grenadines, Suriname.

157 Based on World Bank and United Nations data.

Global Programs

158 Multilateral replenishments equals the sum of Australia's expected 2011‑12 cash contributions to the IDA, ADF, MDRI, HIPC, GEF and MPMF, in accordance with past commitments. The IDA and ADF are the concessional arms of the World Bank and Asian Development Bank respectively. They are mainly financed through contributions made by governments of the richer member countries. Donors meet every three or four years to replenish the funds and review fund policies.

159 Progress in Drinking Water and Sanitation 2012 Update, WHO, UNICEF, March 2012, http://www.who.int, viewed 4 May 2012

160 For further details of the new Centre, see http://aciar.gov.au/aifsc.

161 The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), 2011 Disasters in Numbers,  viewed 4 May 2012, <http://cred.be/sites/default/files/PressConference2011.pdf>. Note that this figure is for natural disasters alone and does not reflect the thousands more who die each year as a result of conflict-induced humanitarian crises.

162 UNESCAP & UNISDR, The Asia Pacific Disaster Report 2010, viewed 4 May 2012, <http://www.unescap.org/idd/pubs/Asia-Pacific-Disaster-Report-2010.pdf>

163 UNHCR, 2009 Global Trends Report, 2010, viewed 4 May 2012, <http://www.unhcr.org/4c11f0be9.html>.

Table 5: AusAID country programs

This table includes AusAID country and regional program expenses for all partner countries and regions, and also includes AIPRD. The column 'Estimated Outcome 2011‑12' shows expenditure estimates for 2011‑12 as at May 2012.

a) 'Solomon Islands' includes an ODA eligible AusAID estimate of $ 46 million for RAMSI.

b) 'Nauru' country program estimate shown here does not include cash paid in line with the Nauru Settlement Treaty (as the expense was recorded in 1993‑94).

c) The 2010‑11 and 2011‑12 funding for 'Niue' includes ODA flows to 'Tokelau'.

d) For the purposes of this table, 'North Pacific' includes the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands.

e) 'Indonesia' includes AIPRD.

f) The 'Cross Regional Programs' include multi-regional programs such as Education and Scholarships, Health, Economic Growth, Governance, Climate Change & Environment, Equitable Development and Government Partnerships.

g) 'AusAID Country Programs' includes country and regional programs, as well as AIRPD. It is also shown as a line item in Table 1.

Table 6: AusAID global programs

The column labelled 'Estimated Outcome 2011‑12' shows expenditure estimates for 2011‑12 as at May 2012.

a) 'Multilateral Replenishments' includes expenses for new commitments to the multilateral development banks and other multilateral funds. In 2012‑13, new commitments are budgeted for at the tenth replenishment of the Asian Development Fund (ADF — the concessional lending arm of the Asian Development Bank) of $629.3 million. See Section 3.2 for multilateral program details, including a breakdown of the $313.2 million estimated cash by multilateral institution in 2012‑13 (items for IDA, ADF, HIPC, GEF, MDRI and MPMF in Table 6). Included in the estimates for HIPC are values associated with the clearance of debt arrears and grant compensation.

b) 'Commonwealth Organisations' includes the Commonwealth Fund for Technical Cooperation, Commonwealth Foundation, Commonwealth Youth Program, and other minor Commonwealth organisations.

c) 'Global Environment Programs' includes the Global Crop Diversity Trust, the International Tropical Timber Organisation, the International Forest Carbon Initiative and other climate change initiatives.

d) 'Global Health Programs' includes the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, the International Finance Facility for Immunisation and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.

e) 'Global Education Programs' includes the Education for All Fast Track Initiative.

f) 'Other Global Programs' includes the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program.

g) 'AusAID Global Programs' includes expense items only. This is converted to an expenditure figure by adjustments detailed at (h) and (I) below.

h) 'Less: new multi-year commitments' removes the total expense commitment for new multi-year liabilities. This is the same $629.3 million total of expenses for new commitments to 'Multilateral Replenishments' in this same table, details of which are noted at (a) above.

i) 'Add: cash paid to multi-year liabilities' in cash expected to be paid to multilateral commitments. This includes cash funding for multilateral organisations and other cash paid against multi-year liabilities such as the Nauru Settlement Treaty. See Section 3.2 for program details and amounts for multilateral organisations.

j) 'AusAID Global Programs' includes AusAID global program expenses, adjusted for multi-year liabilities. It is also shown as a line item in Table 1.

GLOSSARY

ACC
Australian Civilian Corps
ACFID
Australian Council for International Development
ACIAR
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
ADB
Asian Development Bank
ADF
Asian Development Fund
AEC
Australian Electoral Commission
AFP
Australian Federal Police
AFSI
African Food Security Initiative
AIFSC
Australian International Food Security Centre
AIPRD
Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Reconstruction and Development
AMA
Australian Multilateral Assessment
ANCP
AusAID-NGO Cooperation Program
APEC
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
ARDE
Australian Review of Development Effectiveness
ASEAN
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
AusAID
Australian Agency for International Development
AVID
Australian Volunteers for International Development
CAPF
Comprehensive Aid Policy Framework
CARICOM
Caribbean Community
CARTAC
Caribbean Regional Technical Assistance Centre
CBM
Christian Blind Mission
CGIAR
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CIA
Central Intelligence Agency
CIF
Climate Investment Funds
CSIRO
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
DAC
Development Assistance Committee
DAFF
Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
DAP
Direct Aid Program
DCP
Defence Cooperation Program
DEEWR
Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations
DESC
Development Effectiveness Steering Committee
DFAT
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
DIAC
Department of Immigration and Citizenship
DPRK
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
ECF
Enterprise Challenge Fund
EITI
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
FSM
Federated States of Micronesia
GAFSP
Global Agriculture and Food Security Program
GAVI
Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation
GDP
Gross Domestic Product
GEF
Global Environment Facility
GNI
Gross National Income
GPE
Global Partnership for Education
HIPC
Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
ICRC
International Committee of the Red Cross
IDA
International Development Assistance
IDB
Inter-American Development Bank
IFFIm
International Finance Facility for Immunisation
ILO
International Labour Organization
IMF
International Monetary Fund
MDG
Millennium Development Goal
MDRI
Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative
MOU
Memorandum of Understanding
MFMP
Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
NGO
Non-Government Organisation
ODA
Official Development Assistance
OECD
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
PBC
United Nations Peacebuilding Commission
PBF
Peacebuilding Fund
PBSO
Peacebuilding Support Office
PFM
Public Financial Management
PIF
Pacific Islands Forum
PLA
Performance-linked Aid
PNG
Papua New Guinea
PRT
Provincial Reconstruction Team
RAMSI
Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands
REDD
Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation
RMI
Republic of Marshall Islands
TEAR
Transformation, Empowerment, Advocacy, Relief
TVET
Technical and Vocational Education and Training
UK
United Kingdom
UN
United Nations
UNCERF
United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund
UNDEF
United Nations Democracy Fund
UNDP
United Nations Development Programme
UNEP
United Nations Environment Programme
UNFPA
United Nations Population Fund
UNHCR
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEF
United Nations Children's Fund
UNISDR
United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
UNMAS
United Nations Mine Action Service
UNMIT
United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
UNOCHA
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
UNODC
United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime
UNRWA
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
US
United States of America
WFP
World Food Programme
WHO
World Health Organization
WTO
World Trade Organization

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